Reformation 500: Sola Fide, The Apostle Paul and Romans 3

(This article was originally published here)

I hope that the previous articles (here and here)have been able to show beyond any doubt, what these councils, catechisms, and confessions teach concerning justification and the many differences between the Roman Catholic and the Historic Protestant views. We now turn to what the Apostle Paul has to say on the matter. I will defend these two things: 1) that Paul teaches justification by faith alone apart from works, and 2) that Paul teaches that in justification Christ’s righteousness is imputed to us. In order to do this I will deal with three texts, Romans 3:19-4:12, Romans 5:15-19, and 2 Corinthians 5:17-21[1]. Continue reading “Reformation 500: Sola Fide, The Apostle Paul and Romans 3”

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Reformation 500: Sola Fide and The Historic Protestant View

(This article was originally published here)

In the past article we laid out the Roman Catholic doctrine of justification. Now we turn to discuss the Protestant view of justification. One can find a brief definition of justification in the Westminster Shorter Catechism’s answer to question 33, “Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in His sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.”[1] Continue reading “Reformation 500: Sola Fide and The Historic Protestant View”

Reformation 500: Sola Fide and The Roman Catholic Church

(This article was originally published here)

As the 500th anniversary of the Reformation marches nearer, it behooves us to examine anew the differences between the Roman Catholic and Protestant doctrine. What differences were so important that both sides felt that they could not compromise on them? What were (and are) the core disagreements between the Roman Catholic and Protestant churches? The doctrine of Justification is one that forms the core disagreement between the Roman Catholics and Protestants.[1] Continue reading “Reformation 500: Sola Fide and The Roman Catholic Church”

Did New Testament Authors See Their Writings as Inspired?

(post originally published here)

There has been much work done on the New Testament’s view and use of the Old Testament, with good reason. Many of the historical claims of the Old Testament have been contested (e.g. a historical Adam, the Noahic flood, the Exodus) and so theologians have turned to the New Testament to show that Christ and His apostles viewed these Old Testament events as historical. In addition, many Christians are unsure about the relevance of the Old Testament for today, either it seems too far removed in time, location, and cultural setting to be of any application today; or a radical division is drawn between Israel and the Church, such that the Old Covenant has nothing to do with the New Covenant. To combat these tendencies, theologians have gone to great lengths to show how Christ and His apostles viewed the Old Testament as the authoritative Word of God and used it in their preaching and teaching both in terms of doctrine and application. There has even been work done on the Old Testament’s view of the Old Testament, how later authors utilized and developed the writings of earlier authors. What I want to focus on in this article is the New Testament’s view of the New Testament. Did the church expect new revelation? How did the New Testament authors understand their writings? Did they know themselves to be writing the very Word of God? Continue reading “Did New Testament Authors See Their Writings as Inspired?”

“Not wishing that any should perish” in 2 Peter 3:9

2 Peter 3:8-9 ESV

But do not overlook this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance. Continue reading ““Not wishing that any should perish” in 2 Peter 3:9”

Meaningful Song and Singing with Meaning

In a previous essay, we looked at some Colossians 3:16 and some of its implications. One of those implications is that Christians in corporate worship should mean what they sing, and therefore, need to sing songs with meaning. This implication arises out from two aspects of the text, first, that we are to teach and admonish one another, and second, that we are to sing in our hearts. Continue reading “Meaningful Song and Singing with Meaning”